29 May 2014

FINAL






































For your final:

1. Spend some time reviewing your photography portfolio - including your work in Photo 1.

2. Ask yourself some basic questions about your photography:
       A. What excites you about photography?
       B. What do you want to explore more of?
       C. What challenges you?
       D. Is there something you haven't done that you would like to do?
       E. Are there ideas you have seen (online, or?) that you would like to attempt?

3. After you have given this process some time, decide what you will photograph for your final work.

4. This final work may be one highly Photoshopped image, or many straight photography images, or maybe be somewhere between those two ends of the photography spectrum.

5. Your final self-chosen work will be presented on the final class period along with your photo essay,  passage of time project, and any other work that you  have yet to present.

22 May 2014

PROJECT #11: PHOTO ESSAY (A quick weekend story telling project)

Intro. CLICK HERE.
Photo Essay about the Great Depression. CLICK HERE.
Magnum Photo Essays. CLICK HERE.
TIME Lightbox Photo Essays. CLICK HERE.
ThePhotoEssay.com. CLICK HERE.
The Rolling Stones. CLICK HERE.
"When a kid's room isn't." CLICK HERE.
12 Photo Essays From 2013. CLICK HERE.
Phillip Toledano. CLICK HERE.
Herman Krieger. CLICK HERE.

Preparing:
1. Think about what is within your orbit this weekend.
2. What are you passionate about?
3. Do you want to tell a straight-forward chronological story, or do you want to tell a "story" of an event/occasion's happening through non-chronological images.
4.  Make a shot list so that when you pick up your camera you have a vision for the images you want to make.  It's good to photograph what happens as it does, but you can also prepare by envisioning shots that you'd like to get.

To Include:
1. a close-up shot of a detail in your subject.
2. a wide angle shot to give an overview of the environment.
3. a portrait of a key player in your event/subject.

A Visual Paragraph:
Think about what your final five photos will look like, and in what order. It may help you to consider your photos a set of five paragraphs: an introductory paragraph, three supporting details paragraphs, and a summary/concluding paragraph.


...Now, you'll put 5 photos together to tell the story. 

20 May 2014

PHOTOJOURNALISM: A Quick Look.

We once had a Photojournalism class at TuHS, but due to budget cuts it was axed. In lieu of the class - we will have a short unit on the fundamentals of photojournalism, and fundamental questions associated with it.

To begin our conversation, here is the 2014 World Press site (CLICK HERE), and the images deemed the best of the preceding year.



What Makes Photojournalism Photography Compelling?

Photojournalism photography is a branch of photography wherein images are used to report a story. Photos are capable of telling the story with using a single or a few images. These are important whether it is watching a show, news broadcast or reading newspapers or magazines. They help give viewers or readers a better idea of what is happening. However, the images used in any instance must be relevant and consistent to what is being reported.

The Importance of Photojournalism
Photojournalists are most especially important in the realm of reporting current events. The best images captured are able to summarize what is being written in the article. It supports the statements being made, making the report more effective. This becomes more and more important, as an increasing number of people do not have the time to see or read all of the content that's included.
A single photo can speak louder than several words can. It has the ability to enhance a news story, making it more understandable to the viewer or reader. In comparison to written news, photographs are unbiased as it captures what is happening. On the other hand, words have the ability of carrying the bias of the writer and the reporter.

A Photojournalist’s Objective
A photographer’s goal is to take photographs of a certain event. However, photojournalists do more than tell a story. With using as few images as possible, they are able to highlight the most important issues of a news story. The best photojournalists are able to convey the truth of a news report through a single, powerful photograph.

The Dangers of Photojournalism
Compared to broadcasters and field reporters, photojournalists work behind the camera and not in front of it. However, this does not diminish the risk that photojournalists take when covering or documenting important events. They at times more remembered when documenting the more despicable scenes, such as starving refugees and children, wars or reporting on the AIDS epidemic. Through their efforts, viewers become more aware of what is going on around them as well as half way around the world.

Examples of Compelling Photojournalism
The field of photojournalism has always been considered important. Its greatest impact in society is seen through the documentation of the Second World War. Photos that were taken from the frontlines of the war were seen and published at home and around the world, giving readers a better sense of what is occurring on the other side of the world. During more recent times, the photographs have evolved to more than telling a story, but also helping the viewer become attached to the story and the elements captured within.

Impact on Society
With the development of more affordable cameras, equipment and the Internet, an increasing number of people are becoming photojournalists. People are becoming increasingly aware of their surroundings and capturing what they see. Through the use of DSLR cameras or even a simple camera phone, bystanders can easily document live events and upload them online, or send them to their local news channel.

A Question...
And it is important that we consider the discussion of whether or not photojournalism is a thing of the past. Here is a good article posing that question. CLICK HERE.

Here's what happened in 2013 at the Chicago Sun Times. CLICK HERE.
Here's the blog chronicling the layoffs. CLICK HERE.
An article here. CLICK HERE.

And here is an interesting article of the changing role of the photojournalist. CLICK HERE.

06 May 2014

PROJECT #9: FOTO PHLOWER POWER

WILL YOU USE YOUR LIGHTBOX from the beginning of the semester?

DIRECTIONS: Make 24+ photographs of flowers using the sites above as inspiration and instruction. You are allowed to make straight-forward flower photography, or you may be unexpectedly creative.
Have fun with this. :)

SUGGESTION: Open your aperture wide to blur the foreground and/or background, or simply to have a more interesting area of focus. Use the lightbox you made for the food photography.

SOME PHOTOGS TO PERUSE:
Robert Mapplethorpe flowers (1946-1989). CLICK HERE.
Karl Blossfeldt (1864-1932) flowers. CLICK HERE.
Imogen Cunningham (1883-1976) flowers. CLICK HERE.
Ron Van Dongen. CLICK HERE.
Perhaps you'll find some here. CLICK HERE.
Paper flowers by Tiffanie Turner (This Is Colossal). CLICK HERE.




Andrew Zuckerman. CLICK HERE.
Andrew Zuckerman. CLICK HERE.


Frozen flower photographs. CLICK HERE.

Josh Kemp's photostream. CLICK HERE.

25 Flower tips. CLICK HERE.

Macro flower photography set up. CLICK HERE.

Backlight trick for still life photography. CLICK HERE.

Flower examples. CLICK HERE.

Shocking flowers. CLICK HERE.

Exploded flowers. CLICK HERE.

Fong Qi Wei's site. CLICK HERE.














10 March 2014

PROJECT #5: Telling a story with a DIPTYCH

DIRECTIONS: From your daily life over the next 48 hours, find stories to tell, and photograph them in two images.


Main Entry: dip·tych
Pronunciation: \?dip-(?)tik\
Etymology: Late Latin diptycha, plural, from Greek, from neuter plural of diptychos folded in two, from di- + ptych? fold
Date: 1622
1 : a 2-leaved hinged tablet folding together to protect writing on its waxed surfaces
2 : a picture or series of pictures (as an altarpiece) painted or carved on two hinged tablets
3 : a work made up of two matching parts
True Center Publishing. CLICK HERE.
Diptychs & triptychs. CLICK HERE.




Helpful links:
John Bernhard. CLICK HERE.
Camille Pasquin & Natalia Shaidenko. CLICK HERE.
Design Taxi. CLICK HERE.

18 February 2014

PROJECT #4: Prep work for Project #4, PORTRAITS v2.

Before we photograph, let's think about and observe the human face for a moment:

Tips for how to take better portraits. CLICK HERE.
Part 4

Read the following:







11 February 2014

PROJECT #3: IT IS WHAT IT IS (In class/on campus exercise in "seeing")

DIRECTIONS: During the allotted class time, make ten photographs. Each photograph should "confuse" the viewer, in that we cannot tell what "it" is by the way you have photographed that "thing."

05 February 2014

PROJECT #4: OBJECT AS HERO (Still Life)

DEVELOPING DAYS:
A DAY: Monday, April 25, 2011.
B DAY: Friday, April 22, 2011.


THE PAINTING

Ambrosius Bosschaert (1573-1621), Still-Life of Flowers, (1614)


Harmen Steenwyck (1612-1656). Still Life: An Allegory of the Vanities of Human Life. (oil on oak panel, 1640)
A dissection of symbolism and meaning HERE


Jean Baptiste Siméon Chardin. The Brioche. (oil on canvas, 1763)
An overview of Chardin HERE.


Dewdrops on dainty petals, light glancing off precious silverware, candied confectionery in blue and white Chinese porcelain bowls, the soft plumage of a dead songbird, the pale hue of a skull – still lifes have not ceased to exercise their spell upon us to this day with their close-up views of inanimate, yet by no means lifeless objects reproduced with painterly finesse. However, still life painting was anything but a merely aesthetic affair, even if today’s viewer tends to perceive it as such. It reflects not only a feeling of transitoriness and a longing for redemption, but also the pleasure of visually representing exotic trading goods with which Dutch and other merchants made their fortunes.

Since its emancipation from the religious painting of the late Middle Ages, when objects mainly served as symbols or attributes, still lifes initially provided a means of understanding and interpreting things from the viewer’s everyday world that were lying still. These objects reflected the order and structure of the Baroque era’s superior abstract world: the human senses or a certain temperament, the elements or the seasons informing the individual’s world, or transitoriness and guilty mankind’s need of redemption.

With the artists’ concentration on a few, often the same objects, still life painting gradually also turned in an ideal field of experimentation for their possibilities of expression. Painterly issues of representation became more important than the originally so prominent contents many works were charged with without ever replacing them entirely. It was above all in still life painting which held a low position in the hierarchy of genre categories that the artist had to prove his specific skills and a work’s attraction and value depended on its composition and ingenious assemblage of objects, its convincing coloring and masterly brushstroke. The paintings also evidence the expertise in rendering the most different materials and surfaces in a manner that deceives the eye. The artists experimented with various kinds of lighting from the even brightness of daylight to the weak glow of a single candle, utilizing them for the mise-en-scène of manifold situations and moods.


Margareta Haverman (Dutch, active by 1715, died in or after 1723). A Vase of Flowers, 1716. Oil on wood
Several female artists of the Netherlands specialized in flower pictures, the best known being Rachel Ruysch (1664–1750). Despite his secretive nature, Jan van Huysum accepted Haverman as his pupil in Amsterdam. She moved to Paris (about 1720?), married an architect, and in 1722 became a member of the Académie Royale. A year later, she was expelled because her reception piece was claimed to be by van Huysum himself. The only other known work by Haverman is a signed but undated flower piece in Copenhagen.


Luis Egidio Meléndez (or Menéndez) (Spanish, 1716–1780). The Afternoon Meal (La Merienda), ca. 1771. Oil on canvas
More about Melendez HERE.


Vincent Van Gogh. Still Life: Vase with Roses. Oil on canvas. Saint-Rémy: May, 1890


Juan Gris (1887-1927). Still Life with Open Window, Rue Ravignan. (oil on canvas, 1915)
A survey of Gris HERE.


Henri Matisse. The Goldfish. (oil on canvas, 1912)
An overview of Matisse HERE.


Giorgio Morandi (1890-1964). Still Life with Cups and Boxes. (oil on canvas, 1951)
More about Morandi HERE.


Zao Wou-Ki. 1951


Andy Warhol. ca. 1960's


Roy Lichtenstein. Still Life with Glass and Peeled Lemon. 1972

Artists to investigate: Willem van Aelst, Pieter Aertsen, Abraham van Beyeren, Peter Binoit, Jan Brueghel d. Ä., Jan Brueghel d. J., Jean Siméon Chardin, Adriaen Coorte, Georg Flegel, Jan Fyt, Willem Claesz. Heda, Jan Davidsz. de Heem, Cornelis de Heem, David Cornelisz. de Heem, Hans Holbein d. J., Justus Juncker, Willem Kalf, Jan van Kessel, Simon Luttichuys, Jacob Marrel, Abraham Mignon, Pieter de Ring, Ludger tom Ring d. J., Rachel Ruysch, Isaak Soreau, Peter Soreau, Harmen Steenwijck, Sebastian Stoskopff, Jan van de Velde, Jacob van Walscapelle, Gottfried von Wedig, and Jan Weenix.




THE PHOTOGRAPH

Armand-Pierre Séguier (French, 1803 – 1876). ‘Still Life with Plaster Casts’. 1839 – 1842. Daguerreotype 8 x 6 in.

“Still life photography has served as both a conventional and an experimental form during periods of significant aesthetic and technological change,” said Paul Martineau, assistant curator, Department of Photographs, the J. Paul Getty Museum, and curator of the a Getty exhibition celebrating the photographic still life. “One of our goals for the exhibition was to show how still life photographs can be both traditional and surprising.”

With its roots in antiquity, the term “still life” is derived from the Dutch word stilleven, coined during the 17th century, when painted examples enjoyed immense popularity throughout Europe. The impetus for a new term came as artists created compositions of increasing complexity, bringing together a greater variety of objects to communicate allegorical (definition) meanings. Still life featured prominently in the early experiments of the pioneers of the photographic medium and, more than 170 years later, it continues to be a significant motif (definition) for contemporary photographers.



Charles Aubry (French, 1811 – 1877). [An Arrangement of Tobacco Leaves and Grass]. about 1864. Albumen silver print


Baron Adolf De Meyer (American, 1868 – 1949). ‘Glass and Shadows’. 1905. Photogravure


Paul Strand (American, 1890 – 1976). [Black Bottle]. negative about 1919; print 1923 – 1939. Gelatin silver, on Cykora paper print


Albert Renger Patzsch. Flatirons for Shoe Manufacture. 1926./ Glasses. 1927. Gelatin silver print

Renger-Patzsch achieved in his renderings of objects and the material world. As a protagonist of the movement that came to be known as Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity), he wanted to record, phenomenologically as it were, the exact appearance of objects—their form, material, and surface. Thus he rejected any kind of artistic claim for himself. Believing that the photographer should strive to capture the "essence of the object," he called for documentation rather than art.


Edward Weston (American, 1886 – 1958). ‘Bananas and Orange’. April 1927. Gelatin silver print


André Kertész (American, born Hungary, 1894 – 1985). [Bowl with Sugar Cubes]. 1928. Gelatin silver print
For Bowl with Sugar Cubes, photographer André Kertész created a still life out of a simple bowl, spoon, and sugar cubes, demonstrating the photographer’s interest in the compositional possibilities of layering basic geometric forms on top of one another – three rectangles in a circle (sugar cubes and bowl) and a circle in a square (bowl and the cropped printing paper). A visual sophistication is achieved through his adroit (definition) use of simple objects and dramatic lighting.


Edward Weston. Pepper. 1930


Frederick Sommer (American, born Italy, 1905 – 1999). ‘The Anatomy of a Chicken’. 1939. Gelatin silver print

Influenced by Surrealism, Sommer embraced unexpected juxtapositions and literary allusions to express his intellectual and philosophical ideas. In Anatomy of a Chicken, a severed head, three sunken eyes, and eviscerated organs glisten on a white board. Evoking biblical imagery, medieval grotesques, and heraldic emblems, Sommer calls on the viewer to consider the endless cycle of birth and death, the cruel reality of the food chain, and man’s role in this violence.


Man Ray (Emmanuel Radnitzky) (American, 1890 – 1976). ‘Dead Leaf’. 1942. Gelatin silver print


Andy Warhol. Polaroid Still lifes. ca. 1960/70's


Irving Penn. ‘Still Life with Triangle and Red Eraser, New York, 1985′. dye-bleach print.


Marian Drew (Australian, born 1960). ‘Lorikeet with Green Cloth’. 2006. Digital pigment print
Marian Drew's site HERE. (Check out her other work too!)
Let's buy some of her photos HERE.


Jo Ann Callis. Her website HERE.
.



Cakes 2003, ©Sharon Core


Sharon Core (American). ‘Early American – Still Life with Steak’. 2008. Chromogenic print

Sharon Core, a 1998 Yale MFA grad, sprang into the art world’s consciousness with her 2004 show at Bellwether Gallery, “Thiebauds”. A photographic re-creation of the artist Wayne Thiebaud’s famous food paintings, Core reversed the conventional practice of paintings copying photographs by painstakingly baking, coloring, arranging, and lighting her re-creations and then printing them the same size as the Thiebaud originals.

Four years on and now showing at Yancey Richardson, Core has found new inspiration in the 19th century still life paintings of Raphaelle Peale. Unlike the Thiebauds, however, this time Core has not copied specific paintings. Instead she has analyzed Peale’s work in terms of subject matter, composition, coloration, lighting, and scale in order to understand exactly how they are made and then proceeded to create her own new works in an act of art historical homage.

It’s a difficult feat to pull off, but Core has succeeded where many others have failed, primarily by the softness of her lighting and her mastery of 19th century composition and perspective. As Core fully understands, if you’re going to go for it, you’ve got to go all the way.

Is it a painting or a photograph? Vintage or contemporary? Real or fake? One thing is for certain — these works are undoubtedly beautiful. In her latest series, “Early American,” the photographer Sharon Core explores the works of the American still-life painter Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825). In order to create these old-master-style images, Core used fruit that she grew in her own greenhouse (which she refurbished at her house in upstate New York) and authentic period porcelain and tableware that she collected. (From "In Focus" NYTimes)

A site for Sharon Core's work HERE
A great article on Core's work, and her process/history HERE.

THE OBJECT AS HERO.
For hundreds of years artists have made paintings of arrangements of bowls of fruit, food and drink, flowers and musical instruments. The term 'still life' was coined to describe these paintings of inanimate objects. Photography's first attempts at stil life mirrored these compositions. Although the French call a still life 'nature morte', which literally means 'dead nature', the photographer wants to bring the objects to life.

Great still-life photographs can give us a deeper understanding of and new relationships with the things that surround us. They focus in on the qualities of an object. Unlike other forms o photography, still life offers photographers a subject that can be totally controlled, particularly in the studio. Lighting, cameras, lenses, and focus are chosen to help find or enhance the beauty of objects.

To give an object a beautiful visual value, a still-life photographer requires strong ideas and an attention to detail. Still lifes created for magazines and advertising make objects look heroic. The photographer accentuates an object's qualities to capture it at its most luxurious, appetizing, refreshing or fashionable.

Some objects, such as plants, pebbles and shells, are naturally beautiful and have been the subject of many photographic still lifes. Man Ray, Nick Knight, Robert Maplepthorpe and Andre Kertesz all photographed flowers, amplifying their beauty in different ways. Man Ray solarized his prints of lilies to show blowers ablaze with light. Nick Knight photographed specimens from the flower and plant collections at the Natural History Museum in London on vivid white backgrounds to accentuate their shapes. Robert Mapplethorpe photographed lilies in the studio to show their sensuality (Mapplethorpe's flowers HERE), while Andre Kertesz photographed a 'melancholic tulip' distorted like a cubist painting.

Food is a frequent subject of still life. Irving Penn - a master still-life photographer - created a beautiful image of frozen vegetables straight from his freezer. His American Summer Still Life features a bottle of Coca-Cola, a stick of chewing gum, a baseball and a hot dog smeared in mustard. Perhaps Penn's greatest still life - an image of great simplicity and humor - is of massive diamonds, worth millions of dollars, pictured as if dripping from a household tap.

Photographers have found beauty in the overlooked, the discarded and the ugly, sometimes coming upon readymade compositions in the street or their travels. Edward Weston photographed a cement worker's glove, crusty with dried cement. Irving Penn created an amazing series of photos of cigarette butts he'd picked up on the street, enlarging them to the size of posters and creating beautiful prints that give each cigarette a strange sculptural elegance. The result is an identity parade of battered butts. Martin Parr even found beauty in the front seat of his car after it had been broken into, talking a still life of the gleaming tiny cubes of smashed windscreen glass sparkling like gems.

When most people here the phrase "still life," they think of the classic paintings of fruits in a bowl that many painters utilized in their learning process. However, still life images are not just for paintings anymore. Indeed, you can capture a beautiful and artistic still life with a camera that can convey serenity and peace just as well as one composed of watercolors or oil paint.

One wonderful benefit of cameras is that they can capture fleeting moments in an instant with a quick and easy click of a button. Thus, cameras are almost always preferred for sporting events and even a relaxed portrait of a group of friends. They tend to capture images in a less biased way than paintings, although you can manipulate a camera's angle and effects to alter people's perceptions of the subject. Because of the innovations in cameras, photography has quickly become a new, exciting art form.

However, there are ways that you can combine the techniques of painting with the ease of photography. Many people lament the fact that they have an artistic eye, but not a hand that is artistic enough to wield a paintbrush. For these people, still life photography may be the outlet for you. Although still life images seem to be relegated to paintings, you can actually capture the same peace and tranquility in a photograph.

As mentioned above, millions of people have taken advantages of the instantaneous nature of a camera, so it may seem nonsensical to go back to photographing motionless, inanimate objects. However, as with the still life paintings of old, creating the scene for this type of picture requires a creative, discerning eye in order to create an interesting composition.

With still life images, you are not only in charge of the photography itself, but you also must create the setting-including lighting and arrangement. This may sound simple. Nevertheless, there are many things that go into both of these aspects. First, do you want the light to be believable, like it is coming through an open window? Do you want it to only highlight one small part of the still life, or bathe all of the objects in a golden glow? Additionally, what do you want your subjects to be-red fruits? Golden peaches with a hint of red? Or you could even do a mix of grapes and cheeses that showcase the different varieties of each.


STILL LIFE IN THE STUDIO


TIPS
-Choose your subjects carefully. Make sure they have emotional value for you, then think about it aesthetically.
-Use symbolism to connect and create relationships between objects.
-How do you want to present your objects? (ie. in a box, on fabric, what color is the background, etc.)
-Keep backgrounds as simple as possible...or not.
-Use a tripod, or put the camera on a surface/rice bag/etc.

FURTHER (GREAT!) READING